Having an ovarian cyst and pregnancy is quite common nowadays. This is rather strange, since cysts are technically abnormal but surprisingly true. Ovarian cysts are formed when a sac filled with blood, tissue, or fluid develops. In a pregnancy, these cysts typically have fluid in them.
There are different types of ovarian cysts. Most cysts during a pregnancy are functional. This means that they occur because of normal functions in the ovaries. Luteum and follicular cysts are the two types of functional cysts. Some women choose to use birth control to prevent this normal function.
A luteum cyst occurs when the corpus luteum does not dissolve correctly. The corpus luteum makes progesterone and prepares the body for pregnancy. It naturally occurs during pregnancy and can be from 2cm to 6 cm. The corpus luteum is released after the egg and remains throughout early pregnancy. If it develops into a cyst, symptoms typically go away by the second trimester.
The follicle holding the unfertilized egg can also develop into a cyst. This type of functional cyst is called follicular. During a pregnancy, the follicle dissolves and the egg is released and fertilized. When there are more than one egg, the extra eggs are not always released. This follicle may not dissolve and rather form into a cyst and grow. Most follicular cysts also go away by the second trimester.
Just because they are functional doesn’t mean there isn’t pain. Functional cyst can grow quite large and cause problems. A ruptured cyst can mean several hours of abdominal pain. If a cyst attaches to the body it may began to twist. Twisting can also cause lots of pain and even nausea from blocked blood supply.
Ovarian cancer is frequently a worry of most women who have ovarian cysts. This is because ovarian cysts can be cancerous. However, ovarian cancer is prevalent amongst menopausal women. It is very rare that an ovarian cyst in a pregnancy is cancerous. Ovarian cysts and pregnancy are related because they are a function of the childbearing woman. Most ovarian cyst are harmless and go away naturally. If they do become a serious concern, a doctor can diagnose and remove them.